March 23, 2016

Durmukhi nama samvathsara begins on 8 April 2016. Digital version of the Panchangam for the year Durmukhi 2016-17 including Panchanga Shravana is available. You may buy the Panchanga  at the following links from Amazon.com and read it over Kindle device or Kindle app (the kindle app is free for iOS, Android and Windows devices)

 


 

The following two publications are also available on Amazon

  1. Basics of Panchangam and an Introduction to Astrology: A guide to understand the Indian almanac

  2. ಪಂಚಾಂಗದ ಮೂಲಭೂತ ಅಂಶಗಳು: An understanding of Hindu Almanac in Kannada

 


Printed Panchangam (Durmukhi) is available from Early December 2015 in the following stores:

 
Bangalore:
Chandrika Stores - Gandhi Bazar 9740297028, Vedanta Book House - Chamarajapet 26914527, Sri Dheerendra Bharadwaj - Amarjyothinagar 9916501550, Giri Trading Agency, Basavanagudi, 2660 2220, Sri Jayasimha, Rajajinagar Rayara Matha - 98440 66736
 
Mysore: Sri Harish, Venkataramana Swamy Temple Vontikoppal 9845748586, 

Sri Narahari, Sri Raghavendra Swamy Mutt Krishnamurthy puram - 2331939
 
Chennai: Higginbothams - Mount Road 28411799, Giri Trading Agency - Mylapore 24643551, Vijaya Book House - Mylapore 24640007, Vidhya Book Centre Mylapore 24611345, Brindavan Enterprises - Triplicane 42663546, Sri Raghavendran T.V- Uttaradi Mutt,  Triplicane - 9566925199. 
Sri Madhava Bhat Sode Mutt - T Nagar 28156705, Sri Krishna - Raghavendra mutt, T.Nagar - 28157982

Tirukoilur Sri KKR - Manampoondi - 9942683743
Coimbatore Sri Sriram - Sami Iyer New Street - 9791221122

Cuddalore Sri Satyanarayanan G - 9486966877

Pune Kumaradhara Traders - Aundh 25890798

For hard copies and reproduction kindly contact us; snrao(at)qualitysystems.co.in Ph: 9448088107 

March 15, 2016

Durmukhi Panchangam: Digital Panchangam available online!

Durmukhi nama samvathsara begins on 8 April 2016. Digital version of the Panchangam for the year Durmukhi 2016-17 including Panchanga Shravana is available. You may buy the Panchanga  at the following links from Amazon.com and read it over Kindle device or Kindle app (the kindle app is free for iOS, Android and Windows smartphones and tablets). 

Panchangam – defines the five elements of time Thithi, Vara, Nakshatra, Yoga and Karana. Local sunrise time is the most definite factor to determine the Thithi, Vara, Nakshatra, Yoga and Karana. Local Sunrise timing varies from place to place. Seasonal variations in sunrise time are significant in USA relative to India. For instance, Rahu kala timings practiced in India are different from what needs to be applied in the US. In this context, it is necessary to use a panchangam prepared for the user’s region.

In response to requests from users in USA, we have, starting this year - Durmkhi samvatsara (2016-17) prepared, three editions of the panchangam for USA  - for Washington DC (Eastern Time Zone), for Chicago (Central Time Zone) and  for Los Angeles (Pacific Time Zone) 

The three US editions of the panchangam gives details like Rahukala timings for each month (as it varies significantly each month in the US), time slots for Gowri Panchangam, cut off time for reckoning the current day. The panchangam also records the sunrise timings at intervals of ten days.



Similarly, muhurthas for Vivahas and Upanayanas in US have been specially casted. These also vary from place to place. Day Light Savings Adjustments have duly been made.



Wish you a very Happy Durmukhi year!


Printed Panchangam (Durmukhi) is available from Early December 2015 in the following stores:


Bangalore: Chandrika Stores - Gandhi Bazar 9740297028, Vedanta Book House - Chamarajapet 26914527, Sri Dheerendra Bharadwaj - Amarjyothinagar 9916501550, Giri Trading Agency, Basavanagudi, 2660 2220, Sri Jayasimha, Rajajinagar Rayara Matha - 98440 66736
Sri Kashinath, NR Colony 9341883588

Mysore: Sri Harish, Venkataramana Swamy Temple Vontikoppal 9845748586, Sri Narahari, Sri Raghavendra Swamy Mutt Krishnamurthy puram - 2331939


Chennai: Higginbothams - Mount Road 28411799, Giri Trading Agency - Mylapore 24643551, Vijaya Book House - Mylapore 24640007, Vidhya Book Centre Mylapore 24611345, Brindavan Enterprises - Triplicane 42663546, Sri Raghavendran T.V- Uttaradi Mutt,  Triplicane - 9566925199. Sri Madhava Bhat Sode Mutt - T Nagar 28156705, Sri Krishna - Raghavendra mutt, T.Nagar - 28157982



Tirukoilur Sri KKR - Manampoondi - 9942683743
Coimbatore Sri Sriram - Sami Iyer New Street - 9791221122

Cuddalore Sri Satyanarayanan G - 9486966877



Pune Kumaradhara Traders - Aundh 25890798



Wish you a very Happy Durmukhi year!


March 20, 2015

Manmatha nama samvathsara panchangam 2015-16

Manmatha nama samvathsara begins on 21 March 2015. Panchangam for the year 2015-16 including Panchanga Shravana is hosted here. You may download the Panchanga for your Personal / Domestic use only. For hard copies and reproduction kindly contact us; snrao(at)qualitysystems.co.in Ph: 9448088107 
Panchangam in English Click here to download Manmatha 2015- 16 English Panchangam
Panchangam also available in Kannada Click here to download Manmatha 2015-16 Kannada Panchangam, in Tamil Click here to download Manmatha 2015-16 Tamil Panchangam and in Book format Click here to download Manmatha 2015-16 Thanjavur Panchangam

Manmatha nama samvatsara Panchangam designed exclusively for Chicago,IL, USA is also available here Manmatha 2015-16 Chicago Panchangam.

Manmatha nama samvatsara Panchangam designed exclusively for Singapore is also available Click here to download Manmatha 2015-16 Singapore Panchangam

Printed Panchangam is available from Early December
Bangalore: Chandrika Stores - Gandhi Bazar 9740297028, Vedanta Book House - Chamarajapet 26914527, Sri Dheerendra Bharadwaj - Amarjyothinagar 9916501550
Mysore: Sri Harish, Venkataramana Swamy Temple Vontikoppal 9845748586, 

Sri S. Raghavendra, Sri Raghavendra Swamy Mutt Krishnamurthy puram - 2331939
Raichur: R G Agencies 9141689017
Chennai: Higginbothams - Mount Road 28411799, Giri Trading Agency - Mylapore 24643551, Vijaya Book House - Mylapore 24640007, Vidhya Book Centre Mylapore 24611345, Brindavan Enterprises - Triplicane 42663546, Sri Raghavendran T.V- Uttaradi Mutt,  Triplicane - 9566925199. 
Sri Madhava Bhat Sode Mutt - T Nagar 28156705, Sri Krishna - Raghavendra mutt, T.Nagar - 28157982
Tirukoilur Sri KKR - Manampoondi - 9942683743
Coimbatore Sri Sriram - Sami Iyer New Street - 9791221122

Cuddalore Sri Satyanarayanan G - 9486966877
Pune Kumaradhara Traders - Aundh 25890798

மனமத  நாம சம்வத்சரம் மார்ச் 21, 2015 ஆரம்பமாகும். இந்த சம்வத்சரத்து பஞ்சாங்கம் காலேண்டர் மதரியில் இங்கு கொடுக்கப்பட்டுள்ளது. இதை உங்கள் தனியார் / விட்டு உபயோகத்திற்கு டவுன்லோட் சைதுகொளள்ளலாம். பிரிண்ட் காபிகலிக்கோ வேறே எதுக்கவுதோ எங்களை தொடர்கோள்ளவம் snrao(at)qualitysystems.co.in போன்: 0 94480 88197.   
மனமத நாம சம்வத்சர பஞ்சாங்கம் டவுன்லோட் காக இங்கு க்ளிக் செய்யவும் Click here to download Manmatha 2015-16 Tamil Panchangam and in புத்தக  மாதரி  Click here to download Manmatha 2015-16 Thanjavur Panchangam



ಮನ್ಮಥ  ನಾಮ ಸಂವತ್ಸರವು ೨1 ಮಾರ್ಚ್   201೫  ರಂದು ಪ್ರಾರಂಭಿಸುತ್ತದೆ. ಈ ಸಂವತ್ಸರದ ಪಂಚಾಗ ಮತ್ತು ಪಂಚಾಗವನ್ನು ಇಲ್ಲಿ ಕೊಟ್ಟಿದೆ. ನಿಮ್ಮ ವೈಯುಕ್ತಿಕ / ಮನೆಯ ಉಪಯೋಗಕ್ಕೆ ಡೌನ್ಲೋಡ್ ಮಾಡಿಕೊಳ್ಳಬಹುದು. ಪ್ರತಿಗಳಿಗೆ ಮತ್ತು ಬೇರೆ ಉಪಯೋಗಕ್ಕೆ ನಮ್ಮನ್ನು ಸಂಪರ್ಕಿಸಿ snrao(at)qualitysystems.co.in ಫೋನ್ ೯೪೪೮೦ ೮೮೧೦೭ ಮನ್ಮಥ ನಾಮ ಸಂವತ್ಸರ 201೫ -1೬  ಪಂಚಾಗ ಡೌನ್ಲೋಡ್ ಮಾಡಲಿಕ್ಕೆ ಇಲ್ಲಿ ಕ್ಲಿಕ್ ಮಾಡಿ; Click here to download Manmatha 2015-16 Kannada Panchangam

March 25, 2014

ஜய நாம சம்வத்சரம் பஞ்சாங்கம் Jaya nama samvathsara panchangam 2014-15

ஜய நாம சம்வத்சரம் மார்ச் 31, 2014 ஆரம்பமாகும். இந்த சம்வத்சரத்து பஞ்சாங்கம் காலேண்டர் மதரியில் இங்கு கொடுக்கப்பட்டுள்ளது. இதை உங்கள் தனியார் / விட்டு உபயோகத்திற்கு டவுன்லோட் சைதுகொளள்ளலாம். பிரிண்ட் காபிகலிக்கோ வேறே எதுக்கவுதோ எங்களை தொடர்கோள்ளவம் snrao(at)qualitysystems.co.in   ஜய நாம சம்வத்சர பஞ்சாங்கம் டவுன்லோட் காக இங்கு க்ளிக் செய்யவும்; Jaya Samvatsara 2013-14 Panchangam Tamil  மாற்று  Jaya Samvatsara 2013-14 Thanjavur Panchangam (Tamil)   English மாற்று Kannada விலையும் கிட்டும்.

Jaya nama samvatsara Panchangam designed exclusively forChicago,IL, USA is also available here.

Printed Panchangam is available from Early December
in Bangalore: Chandrika Stores - Gandhi Bazar 9740297028, Vedanta Book House - Chamarajapet 26914527, Sri Mohan Jayanna's Mutt - Malleswaram 9986857974, Sri Dheerendra Bharadwaj - Amarjyothinagar 9916501550
in Mysore: Sri Harish Venkataramana Swamy Temple Vontikoppal 9845748586
in Raichur: R G Agencies 9141689017
in Chennai: Higginbothams - Mount Road 28411799, Giri TradingAgency - Mylapore 24643551, Vijaya Book House - Mylapore 24640007, Vidhya Book Centre Mylapore 24611345, Brindavan Enterprises - Triplicane 42663546, Sri Raghavendran Uttaradi Mutt - Triplicane 9566925199, Sri Krishna Stores - Triplicane 9003181438, Maharashtra Education Fund - TTK Road Alwarpet 24352430, Sri Madhava Bhat Sode Mutt - T Nagar 28156705
in Tirukoilur Sri KKR - Manampoondi 9942683743
in Coimbatore Sri Sriram - Sami Iyer New Street 9791221122
in Pune Kumaradhara Traders - Aundh  25890798

Jaya nama samvathsara panchangam 2014-15

Jaya nama samvathsara begins on 31 March 2014. Panchangam for the year 2014-15 including Panchanga Shravana is hosted here. You may download the Panchanga for your Personal / Domestic use only. For hard copies and reproduction kindly contact us; snrao(at)qualitysystems.co.in  Click here to download Jaya Samvatsara 2014-15 Panchangam. 
Also available Panchangam in  Jaya Samvatsara 2014-15 Panchangam Tamil ,  Jaya Samvatsara 2014-15 Panchangam Kannada and Jaya Samvatsara 2014-15 Thanjavur Panchangam (Tamil) 


Jaya nama samvatsara Panchangam designed exclusively for Chicago,IL, USA is also available here.

Printed Panchangam is available from Early December
in Bangalore: Chandrika Stores - Gandhi Bazar 9740297028, Vedanta Book House - Chamarajapet 26914527, Sri Mohan Jayanna's Mutt - Malleswaram 9986857974, Sri Dheerendra Bharadwaj - Amarjyothinagar 9916501550
in Mysore: Sri Harish Venkataramana Swamy Temple Vontikoppal 9845748586
in Raichur: R G Agencies 9141689017
in Chennai: Higginbothams - Mount Road 28411799, Giri Trading Agency - Mylapore 24643551, Vijaya Book House - Mylapore 24640007, Vidhya Book Centre Mylapore 24611345, Brindavan Enterprises - Triplicane 42663546, Sri Raghavendran Uttaradi Mutt - Triplicane 9566925199, Sri Madhava Bhat Sode Mutt - T Nagar 28156705
in Tirukoilur Sri KKR - Manampoondi 9942683743
in Coimbatore Sri Sriram - Sami Iyer New Street 9791221122

Jaya nama Samvatsara Panchangam 2014-15 ಜಯ ನಾಮ ಸಂವತ್ಸರ

ಜಯ ನಾಮ ಸಂವತ್ಸರವು 31 ಮಾರ್ಚ್ 2014  ರಂದು ಪ್ರಾರಂಭಿಸುತ್ತದೆ. ಈ ಸಂವತ್ಸರದ ಪಂಚಾಗ ಮತ್ತು ಪಂಚಾಗ ಶ್ರವಣವನ್ನು ಇಲ್ಲಿ ಕೊಟ್ಟಿದೆ. ನಿಮ್ಮ ವೈಯುಕ್ತಿಕ / ಮನೆಯ ಉಪಯೋಗಕ್ಕೆ ಡೌನ್ಲೋಡ್ ಮಾಡಿಕೊಳ್ಳಬಹುದು. ಪ್ರತಿಗಳಿಗೆ ಮತ್ತು ಬೇರೆ ಉಪಯೋಗಕ್ಕೆ ನಮ್ಮನ್ನು ಸಂಪರ್ಕಿಸಿ snrao(at)qualitysystems.co.in  ಜಯ ನಾಮ ಸಂವತ್ಸರ 2014 -15  ಪಂಚಾಗ ಡೌನ್ಲೋಡ್ ಮಾಡಲಿಕ್ಕೆ ಇಲ್ಲಿ ಕ್ಲಿಕ್ ಮಾಡಿ; Jaya nama samvatsara 2014-15 Panchangam Kannada .   English ಮತ್ತು  Tamil ನಲ್ಲೂ ಲಭ್ಯ - ಪುಸ್ತಕದ ಮಾದರಿಯಲ್ಲಿ ತಂಜಾವೂರ್ ಪಂಚಾಂಗಂ Thanjavur Panchangam . ಈ ಸಂವತ್ಸರದ ಪಂಚಾಂಗ ಚಿಕಾಗೋ (ಯು ಎಸ್ ಎ) ಗೂ ಲಭ್ಯ. Jaya nama samvatsara Panchangam designed exclusively for Chicago,IL, USA is also available here.

Printed Panchangam is available from Early December
in Bangalore: Chandrika Stores - Gandhi Bazar 9740297028, Vedanta Book House - Chamarajapet 26914527, Sri Mohan Jayanna's Mutt - Malleswaram 9986857974, Sri Dheerendra Bharadwaj - Amarjyothinagar 9916501550
in Mysore: Sri Harish Venkataramana Swamy Temple Vontikoppal 9845748586
in Raichur: R G Agencies 9141689017
in Chennai: Higginbothams - Mount Road 28411799, Giri Trading Agency - Mylapore 24643551, Vijaya Book House - Mylapore 24640007, Vidhya Book Centre Mylapore 24611345, Brindavan Enterprises - Triplicane 42663546, Sri Raghavendran Uttaradi Mutt - Triplicane 9566925199, Sri Madhava Bhat Sode Mutt - T Nagar 28156705
in Tirukoilur Sri KKR - Manampoondi 9942683743
in Coimbatore Sri Sriram - Sami Iyer New Street 9791221122

April 1, 2013

ವಿಜಯ ನಾಮ ಸಂವತ್ಸರ 2013 -14 ಪಂಚಾಗ

ವಿಜಯ ನಾಮ ಸಂವತ್ಸರವು 11 ಏಪ್ರಿಲ್  2013  ರಂದು ಪ್ರಾರಂಭಿಸುತ್ತದೆ. ಈ ಸಂವತ್ಸರದ ಪಂಚಾಗ ಮತ್ತು ಪಂಚಾಗ ಶ್ರವಣವನ್ನು ಇಲ್ಲಿ ಕೊಟ್ಟಿದೆ. ನಿಮ್ಮ ವೈಯುಕ್ತಿಕ / ಮನೆಯ ಉಪಯೋಗಕ್ಕೆ ಡೌನ್ಲೋಡ್ ಮಾಡಿಕೊಳ್ಳಬಹುದು. ಪ್ರತಿಗಳಿಗೆ ಮತ್ತು ಬೇರೆ ಉಪಯೋಗಕ್ಕೆ ನಮ್ಮನ್ನು ಸಂಪರ್ಕಿಸಿ snrao(at)qualitysystems.co.in  ವಿಜಯ ನಾಮ ಸಂವತ್ಸರ 2013 -14  ಪಂಚಾಗ ಡೌನ್ಲೋಡ್ ಮಾಡಲಿಕ್ಕೆ ಇಲ್ಲಿ ಕ್ಲಿಕ್ ಮಾಡಿ; Vijaya Samvatsara 2013-14 Panchangam Kannada    English ಮತ್ತು  Tamil ನಲ್ಲೂ ಲಭ್ಯ.



விஜய நாம சம்வத்சர 2013-14 பஞ்சாங்கம்

விஜய நாம சம்வத்சரம் ஏப்ரில்  11, 2013 ஆரம்பமாகும். இந்த சம்வத்சரத்து பஞ்சாங்கம் காலேண்டர் மதரியில் இங்கு கொடுக்கப்பட்டுள்ளது. இதை உங்கள் தனியார் / விட்டு உபயோகத்திற்கு டவுன்லோட் சைதுகொளள்ளலாம். பிரிண்ட் காபிகலிக்கோ வேறே எதுக்கவுதோ எங்களை தொடர்கோள்ளவம் snrao(at)qualitysystems.co.in   விஜய நாம சம்வத்சர பஞ்சாங்கம் டவுன்லோட் காக இங்கு க்ளிக் செய்யவும்; Vijaya Samvatsara 2013-14 Panchangam Tamil  மாற்று  Vijaya Samvatsara 2013-14 Thanjavur Panchangam (Tamil)   English மாற்று Kannada விலையும் கிட்டும்.

March 31, 2013

Vijaya Samvatsara 2013-14 Panchangam

Sri Vijaya nama samvathsara begins on 11 April 2013. Panchangam for the year 2013-14 including Panchanga Shravana is hosted here. You may download the Panchanga for your Personal / Domestic use only. For hard copies and reproduction kindly contact us; snrao(at)qualitysystems.co.in  Click here to download Vijaya Samvatsara 2013-14 Panchangam
Also available Panchangam in  Vijaya Samvatsara 2013-14 Panchangam Tamil ,  Vijaya Samvatsara 2013-14 Panchangam Kannada and Vijaya Samvatsara 2013-14 Thanjavur Panchangam (Tamil) 

Puri Jagannatha

Puri Jagannatha, the lord of the Universe will have abhisheka with 108 vessels on Jyeshta Pournami day every year. Subsequently, the next 15 days there will be no darshan of the main deity. It is believed that during the 15 days, the Lord is canvalescing from the fever acquired due to the annual abhisheka.

March 28, 2012

Basics of Panchangam and an Introduction to Astrology

Basics of Panchangam and an Introduction to Astrology is a new book authored and published by S. Narasimha Rao. This book has an enlarged and revised version of the "Basics of Panchangam" book published earlier.
The book is available in book stalls and through the author.

March 21, 2012

Adhika Masa

18th August 2012 to 16 September 2012 is Adhika Bhadrapada Masa during this Nandana nama Samvathsara.
A chandramana masa in which no sankramana occurs is known as Adhika Masa. The instant at which Sun transits from one Rashi to the next is called a Sankramana.
Mathematically, a Chandramana Varsha has 354 days, while a Soura Varsha has 365 days, the difference being 11 days per year. In the course of 2 years and 8 months of Chandramana the difference works out to 29.5 days equal to another Chandramana masa. The 33rd masa is considered as an Adhika masa which brings the two systems (Chandramana and Souramana) to evenness. Thus, theoretically, every 33rd chandramana masa is an Adhika masa. In practice, due to the variations in speed of movement of Sun and Moon, Adhika Masa occurs anywhere between 28th and 36th masas.
Malimlucha: Starting with the masa Magha, twelve Adithyas by name Aruna, Soorya, Bhanu, Thapana, Indra, Ravi, Gabasthi, Aryama, Hiranyarethasa, Diwakara, Mithra and Vishnu rise in each masa (one in each masa). No Adithya rises in an Adhika masa. Such a masa with no Adithya is called Malimlucha meaning a Napumsaka - genderless.
Shriman Narayana in the name Purushotthama with Lakshmidevi in the name Ananda is the Masa Niyamaka of Adhika masa. The masa is also referred as Purushotthama masa. Thithythree devathas consisting of Ekadasha Rudras (Eleven Rudras), Dwadashadithyas (Twelve Adithyas), Ashta Vasus (Eight Vasus), Prajapathi and Vashatkara are the devathas of Adhika masa. Their antharyami Bhagavantha is not different from Purushottama, the masa Niyamaka.
The names of Ekadasha Rudras with their antharyami Bhagavantha’s names are: Bheema [Rama], Raivatha [Achyutha], Oja [Purushotthama], Ajaikapath [Govinda], Mahan [Vamana], Bahuroopa [Shreesha], Bhava [Shreekanta], Vamadeva [Vishwasakshi], Ugra [Narayana], Vrushakapi [Madhuripu] and Ahirbudhni [Aniruddha].
The Dwadashadithyas are: Vivaswan [Thrivikrama], Aryama [Vasudeva], Poosha [Jagadyoni], Thwastru [Anantha], Savithru [Sheshashayee], Bhaga [Sankarshana], Dhathru [Pradyumna], Parjanya [Daithyari], Varuna [Vishwathomukha], Mithra [Janardhana], Shakra [Dharavasa], Urukrama [Damodara], Prajapathi [Agardhana] and Vashatkara [Shreepathi].
The Ashtavasus are: Drona [Vishnu], Dhruva [Jishnu], Dosha [Mahavishnu], Arka [Hari], Agni [Krishna], Dyaou [Adhokshaja], Prana [Keshava] and Vibhavasu [Madhava].
Accumulation of Punya is more in a Purushotthama masa giving the masa the name Adhika masa. Bhagavantha will eliminate the papas during the masa giving the masa the name Mala masa. The list of Shubha karyas to be avoided also justifies the name Mala masa.
Bhagavantha will provide Women who observe the Adhika masa with Soubhagya and be blessed with Sons with immense love to God. Snana in Adhika masa will avoid miscarriages. No other masa is equal to the Purushotthama masa.
Vrathas & Danas in Adhika Masa
Masa Snana: Snana during Arunodaya (One and a half hour period before Sunrise) on all days of the masa in rivers / sarovaras / tanks / wells etc.
Ayachitha Vratha: Being content with what you have and not ask anybody for anything.
Akhanda Deepa: One lamp should glow continuously without a break during the entire masa.
Deepa Seva: Lighting of 33 lamps, 108 lamps, 1008 lamps on all days / special days / one day or any combination.
Dharana Parana Vratha: Fifteen cycles of One complete day fasting (dharana) followed by Parana on the next day.
Vishnu Panchaka Vratha: Five fasts during the masa on - Shravana Nakshatra day, Two Ekadashis, Pournami and Amavasya
Naktha Bhojana / Eka Bhuktha: Complete fasting during the day and just One meal at night time.
Thamboola Dana: On all days of the masa to brahmin couples.
Bagina dana: Women should give away baginas to at least 33 mutthaides (sumangalis).
Apoopa Dana: Apoopas prepared out of Rice, Jaggery and Ghee. At least 33 apoopas in a bronze vessel to be given away. Ghee in another vessel also to be given away. This is said to bestow Vishesha Phala.
Phala Dana: Minimum of 33 plantains or mangoes or Jack fruit lozenges.
Those who cannot give on all days of the masa should try and give on the special days: Shukla Dwadashi, Pournima, Krishna Ashtami, Navami, Dwadashi, Chathurdashi and Amavasya.
Note: All danas should be accompanied by Dakshina (cash).
Dakshina is the name of the Lakshmidevi seated to the south of Sriman Narayana. Danas are considered being given to Sriman Narayana and Dakshina to Lakshmidevi by name Dakshina.
Shastras say Dakshina should be equal to the monetary value of the item being given away. Considering what shastras say, Dakshina should not be just a coin.
Vrathas and Danas are complete only with a Samarpane to Bhagavantha. Traditionally, “Bharathi ramana Mukhya Prananthargatha Shri Krishnarpanamastu” is used.
The number 33 mentioned in all the above cases is the minimum indicated and persons who can afford need not limit to 33.
Adhika Masa Na-Karthavyas
Rakshasas by name Nairuthas dominate in the Adhika masa and destroy the phalas of all Kamya karmas - Functions or Vratas with a specific desire are known as Kamya karmas. List of them to be avoided in an Adhika masa are Agnyadheya, Devatha Prathishte, Yajna, Vratas, Upakarma, Vrushothsava, Choodakarma (First haircut), Upanayana, Vivaha, Vasthu devatha pooja, Gruha pravesha, Yathrothsava, Wearing of new ornaments and Mahadanas. Thulapurushadana, Hiranyagarbhadana, Brahmandadana, Kalpapadapada, Gosahasradana are some of the sixteen mahadanas.
Yathrothsava: The ban on yathra is only for those who are going for the first time. Here yathra means those who visit pilgrim centres for darshana and Shraddha.
Karthavyas in Adhika masa
Nithya Sandhyavandana, Devatha Pooja, Vaishwadeva, Pumsavana, Seemantha, Jathakarma, Shanthis associated with it, Masika Shraddha, Sapindeekarana, Varshika Shraddha (for those who have passed away during an Adhika masa), Dana & Japa on Grahana day, Chathurmasya vratha (if the Adhika masa happens to be one of the Chathurmasas), Japas / Archanas etc as Pariharas for illnesses, Japas / Parayanas etc for getting rain, and other routine activities.
Kshaya Masa
A chandramana masa in which TWO sankramanas occur is known as Kshaya Masa. Normally only one Sankramana occurs in each Chandramana masa with the exception of an Adhika Masa.
A Kshaya Masa is also called Shoonya Masa.
TWO Adhika masas: Whenever a Kshaya masa occurs, two Adhika masas occur during the same year. The earlier one is known as Amhaspathi or Prakrutha and the second one as Samsarpa or Malimluncha. Prakrutha Adhika masa is considered normal masa with no stigma of Na-karthavyas.
Activities of a Kshaya masa
During a Kshaya masa, theoretically a masa is lost and all activities during the masa will have to be lost.
In practice, the Kshaya masa gets sort of merged with the next masa. During such a masa, the first half of each thithi is considered to represent the Kshaya masa and the later half the next masa.
Luckily each thithi is divided into two equal halves and are known as Karanas. Therefore the first karana of a thithi refers to the kshaya masa and the later karana to the next masa. Activities of the masas are to be carried out in the respective karanas.
Occurance: Kshaya masa can occur only during Kartheeka, Margashira or Pushya masas.
Next Kshaya masa: Kshaya masas occur alternately once in 141 years and 19 years. Kshaya masa occured in the past during 1983 after a gap of 19 years i.e year 1964. Therefore the next Kshaya masa is expected during 2124.
Details of Shraddha during Adhika Vaishakha Masa
1. Annual shraddhas due in Vaishakha masa are to be performed in Nija Vaishakha masa.
2. First Abdika of persons who passed away during last year’s Vaishakha masa is to be performed during Adhika Vaishakha masa itself.
3. Masika (shraddha) for persons who passed away during last year after Vaishakha masa has to be performed in both Adhika and Nija Vaishakha masas.
4. Darsha shraddha has to be performed during both Adhika and Nija masas.
5. Annual shraddha for those who have passed away during Adhika Vaishalka masa has to be peformed in Adhika Vaishakha masa only. [During years without a Adhika Vaishakha masa, it has to be performed in Vaishakha masa.]